With vestiges dating from historical periods as varied as Classical Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Rome is unlike any other city in the world. Authentic, centuries-old chunks of columns lie scattered at virtually every turn as you explore the Forum and just as many historic wonders are still standing in this living, breathing open-air museum. Historians and visitors alike are still peeling back the layers to reveal the 3,000 years of history of this mythical city.
Located in the centre of the 1,300km-long boot-shaped peninsula that is Italy, Rome, the country's capital, is located in the region of Latium. The Eternal City developed on a strategic site made up of seven hills after being founded in 753 BC by the legendary Romulus. The Roman Empire, which was founded under Augustus in 27 BC, lasted 12 centuries and extended throughout Europe and around the Mediterranean Sea. Today, Rome is the largest of the European capitals; it is also home to the Vatican City, the seat of the Catholic Church. This modern metropolis was not built in a day, and neither should it be visited in just one day. Take your time to explore and be sure to plan on returning.