The Zócalo, or Plaza de la Constitución, is one of the world's largest public squares. The Balcon del Zocalo provides visitors with a magnificent view of nearby buildings such as the Palacio Nacional or the Catedral Metropolitana.
Plaza de la Constitución, Centro Histórico, tel.52-9158-1252
Guests can visit the offices of the Mexican President and admire beautiful frescoes by Diego Rivera.
Plaza de la Constitución, Centro Histórico, tel.52-5510-0440
Built on the ruins of an Aztec temple and inspired by the Spanish cathedrals found in Toledo and Granada, Mexico City's majestic cathedral was only completed after nearly 250 years of arduous work.
Seminario 8, Centro Histórico, tel.52-5542-4943
This museum exhibits objects found during archaeological digs at the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan. Its collection includes statues, sacrificial objects and sculptures that shine a light on some of the Aztec's ceremonial practices.
Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso
Justo Sierra16, Centro Histórico, tel.52-5702-6378
This former Jesuit seminary now holds various temporary Mexican colonial art exhibitions. Among its artwork are some magnificent frescoes by such painters as Diego Rivera.
Museo Nacional de Arte
Tacuba 8, Centro Histórico, tel.52-5130-3400
This museum, located in an impressive building that was built at the turn of the 20th century, boasts an impressive collection of Mexican artwork from the 16th to the 20th century.
Palacio de Bellas Artes
Juárez 1, La Alameda, tel.52-5512-3633, www.bellasartes.gob.mx
Mexico's Fine Arts Museum boasts a diverse collection of incredible murals. Among them, Diego Rivera's famous painting, Man, Controller of the Universe, originally commissioned by New York's Rockefeller Center. The Museo Nacional de Arquitectura and the Teatro Bellas Artes are also part of the museum's facilities.
Museo Franz Mayer
Hidalgo 45, La Alameda, tel.52-5518-2266
Franz Mayer, a German businessman, was a great collector of Mexican art. His collection is featured in this museum and provides an excellent introduction to the country's artwork from the 16th to the 19th century.
Museo Mural Diego Rivera
at the corner of Balderas and Colón, La Alameda
This museum is dedicated to Diego Rivera's famous fresco Sueño de una tarde dominical en La Alameda ("A Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Park").
Museo Nacional de la Revolución
Monumento a la Revolución, Plaza de la República, tel.52-5546-2115
This dome-shaped museum is located under the huge Monumento a la Revolución and retraces 80 years of Mexican artistic history.
Museo de Arte Moderno
at the corner of Paseo de la Reforma and Gandhi, Bosque de Chapultepec
This modern art museum boats an impressive collection of artwork by famous 20th-century Mexican artists such as Rivera, Tamayo and Orozco.
Museo Nacional de Antropología
at the corner of Paseo de la Reforma and Gandhi, Bosque de Chapultepec, tel.52-5553-6381
This large museum complex features over twenty different rooms and is dedicated to the ethnographic study of Mexico's indigenous populations. Learning tools such as models, reproductions and audio-guides make a visit to this museum both fun and educational.
Museo Dolores Olmedo Patiño
Avenida México 5843, Xochimilco, tel.52-5555-1221
Located 20km from downtown and set up in a 17th-century hacienda, this museum boasts the largest collection of Diego Rivera's artwork, as put together by Dolores Olmedo Patiño, an art patron and one of the painter's friends.
Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo
Rivera 2, San Ángel, tel.52-5550-1518
The museum and workshop of artists Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo lies approximately 1km northwest of Plaza San Jacinto, in San Ángel. This futuristic building, dating back to 1930, is one of Mexico City's must-sees.
2km south of San Ángel
The main campus of Latin America's largest university, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, is a true masterpiece of modern architecture.
Museo Frida Kahlo
Londres 247, Coyoacán, tel.52-5554-5999
Also known as the Blue House, this famous museum exhibits some of the painter's personal items as well as some of her artwork. The museum is set up in the home of the famous painter and has even preserved her own furniture.
Museo León Trotsky
Río Churubusco 410, Coyacán, tel.52-5554-8732
The museum was set up in the very house León Trotsky lived in after he was granted political asylum in Mexico, after having lived several years in exile. It is also here that he was assassinated by a Stalinist agent. He and his wife were first accommodated by Diego Rivera and Frida Khalo, in their famous Blue House.
Calle del Museo150, Coyoacán, tel.52-5617-4310
The pre-Hispanic-style building was designed by Diego Rivera to house his collection of pre-Columbian objects. Some of his paintings are also exhibited here.
Basílica Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
a few kilometres from downtown Mexico City, Guadalupe
Built during the 1970s, this basilica lies close to the original sanctuary dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe that was built on the exact location where the Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to the shepherd Juan Diego. On December 12th, elaborate processions lead to the basilica to celebrate Mexico's patron saint.