This immense square is the heart of New Delhi. It was named in honour of the Duke of Connaught, an uncle of King George V. Restaurant workers and business people swarm around the big hotels, which are laid out in a double ring surrounding a central park.
Commissioned by the wife of Humayun in honour of her deceased husband, the second leader of the Mughal dynasty, this tomb served as the model for the Taj Mahal. Designed by a Persian architect during the 16th century, the red sandstone building is superbly positioned in the heart of a large bird-filled garden.
Retracing nearly 5,000 years of Indian history, this museum houses more than 150,000 works of art and is especially renowned for its collection that explores the history of the Silk Road and Indus Valley civilization. Some impressive sculptures and miniatures are also on display.
near Connaught Place
Created in 1724 by Jai Singh II, an astronomy enthusiast, this observatory was the first to be built in India. Meteorologists continue to use it today for weather forecasting, especially during the rainy season.
The Indian Arc de Triomphe is 9m wide and pays tribute to the men who fell in battle during World War I.
The "moonlit square" is the heart of Old Delhi. Although some of its former glory has faded, it remains a very lively area where religious and business activities are carried out side by side.
Delhi's markets and their picturesque stalls are not only a treat for the senses, but also a veritable shoppers' paradise. Around the neighbourhoods of Chandni Chowk and Jami Masjid, which are teeming with all kinds of shops, you will find Khari Baoli, the largest spice market in all of Asia; Dariba Kalan, where you can purchase 200-year-old jewellery; and Katra Neel, with its wide array of fabrics, including everything from brocade to silk.
Red Fort (Lal Qila)
Named for the colour of its sandstone ramparts, this fort was the centre of Mughal power until 1857. Visitors enter through Lahore Gate, one of six doors that lead to the Chatta Chowk, a covered bazaar. Once inside, they can explore the fort's palaces, pavilions, hammam and prayer rooms.
Jama Masjid Mosque
Near Netaji Subhash Marg
Dominating the old city, the largest mosque in India is perched on a cliff and is reached via an imposing, red sandstone staircase. Completed in 1656, this majestic monument was built by some 5,000 workers over a period of six years.
Mahatma Gandhi Rd.
This memorial is dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. The black granite platform that marks the site of his cremation bears an inscription of his last words: He Ram! (Oh God!). Across the street is the National Gandhi Museum (tel. 011-331-1793), which displays many personal belongings and souvenirs of the "father of the nation."
Gurgaon Rd., Merhauli
This historic site is dominated by a 72m tower and combines Indian art and Islamic tradition. This is the birthplace of the Delhi Sultanate and the site where India's first mosque was built in 1193.
Purana Qila (Old Fort)
Mathura Rd., tel. 011-460-4260
Six kilometres long, the citadel of the sixth Delhi, built by Humayun, housed several palaces, residences and barracks. Today, the ruins include a park filled with birds, the Sher Shan Mosque and the tower where Humayun's library used to be.